U of T campus used as a living laboratory to study sustainable, 'last-mile' package deliveries
A partnership between the University of Toronto’s Faculty of Applied Science & Engineering, Purolator and the City of Toronto has resulted in a new installation on the St. George campus: the Purolator Urban Quick Stop.
The pilot project offers researchers such as Matthew Roorda, a professor in the department of civil and mineral engineering, an innovative way to study the challenges of so-called “last-mile” delivery.
“As online shopping has become more common, the pressure on all forms of package delivery has increased,” said Roorda, who serves as chair of the scientific advisory committee for the Smart Freight Centre, a collaborative research hub focused on improving the movement of goods across the Toronto Region that includes members from several universities, as well as from government and industry.
“At the same time, new modes of transport are becoming available, including some that offer benefits such as lower emissions. This new project is a great opportunity to gather the detailed data we need to quantify their benefits.”
The Purolator Urban Quick Stop is built inside a standard 40-foot shipping container. It arrived on U of T’s St. George Campus earlier this fall, fitting neatly into a parking space on St. George Street provided by the City of Toronto. It is the second Urban Quick Stop to open in Toronto, following an earlier installation on Spadina Road.
One of its functions is to act as a convenient hub for customers who live or work near campus to drop off or pick up their deliveries; students are being offered a 50 per cent discount on shipments sent to or from the new hub.
But the Urban Quick Stop can also facilitate door-to-door deliveries via the use of specialized delivery e-bikes. These three-wheeled vehicles replace larger traditional delivery trucks for the critical last few kilometres of a delivery journey. They offer many potential benefits: for example, they take up less room on the street, are easier to park and produce no harmful emissions.
Matthew Roorda speaks with Urban Quick Stop e-bike courier Jaybie Nepomuceno. Data gathered from Urban Quick Stop and its e-bikes will enable Roorda and his team to evaluate its impact on traffic congestion, greenhouse gas emissions and more (photo by Tyler Irving)
Packages arrive at the Urban Quick Stop once per day, where they are either held for the recipient or loaded onto the e-bikes. Deliveries are then completed using the dedicated bike lanes on nearby roads.
“Our partnerships with universities and municipalities have helped us make tremendous progress against our research and development initiatives,” said Ricardo Costa, Purolator’s senior vice-president and chief technology officer.
“We’ve been able to respond to the increase in challenges of urban delivery and heightened focus on sustainability through more efficient network designs and electric vehicles. Now, working with the University of Toronto and the City of Toronto, we can further reduce traffic congestion, deliver more efficiently and eliminate the need for parking our trucks in Toronto.”
“This Urban Quick Stop not only offers nimble pick up and drop services, but also gives us the insights we need in developing sustainable last-mile delivery options in dense urban areas,” said Barbara Gray, general manager, transportation services for the City of Toronto.
“Coupled with other work the City is doing to improve shipping and goods movement, this innovative pilot will make deliveries greener, faster and cheaper.”
Using a variety of data, Roorda and his team plan to conduct an extensive analysis of the impact of the pilot project.
For example, the Urban Quick stop will be outfitted with AI-enabled traffic cameras provided by Bosch, which will assess the impact on traffic congestion. To look at the climate impact, the team will use emissions sensors provided by Geotab, which will be attached to the e-bikes.
“This really is a living laboratory,” said Roorda. “As we gather the data and observe how the new system operates, I think we’ll gain some really valuable insights that will facilitate further innovation in more sustainable and efficient freight transportation across the region.”