Department of Slavic Languages and Literatures

University of Toronto
121 St. Joseph Street Toronto
Ontario Canada  M5S 1J4
(416) 926-1300, ext. 3221


Minority Language Rights in Primary Education: A Century of Change in the Balkans
Kenneth Naylor Lecture
Naylor Memorial Lecture Monograph Series Beech Stave Press. 2009

Macedonian: A Course for Elementary and Intermediate Students
Revised and expanded second edition
University of Wisconsin Press May 2003 (534 pages)

Macedonian: A Course fr Elementary and Intermediate Students
University of Wisconsin Press May 1999 (495 pages)

Analytic Modality in Macedonian. Munich: Verlag Otto Sagner. 1986 (177 pages)

Makedonsko-Angliski Razgovornik (A Macedonian-English Phrasebook, 100 pages)
Skopje: Seminar za makedonksi jazik. 1985


Freud's Sister: A Novel. Goce Smilevski. Penguin. 2012.

Excerpt from Freud's Sister by Goce Smilevski in Asymptote

The Time of the Goats. Luan Starova. University of Wisconsin Press. 2012

My Father's Books. by Luan Starova. University of Wisconsin Press. May 2012.

"Excerpt from My Father's Books, by Luan Starova. Words without Borders, July 2009.

Nikolai Velimirovic" and "The Secret of Kosovo"in Landmarks of Serbian Culture , ed. Vasa Mihailovich. Pittsburgh: Serbian National Federation, 1983.
pp. 111-131, and pp. 265-272

"Guard the Word Well-Bound", Blazhe Koneski. Indiana Slavic.

Information Technology

Macedonian Instruction on the Web (www.utoronto.ca/slavic/macedonian )

Macedonian: A Course for  Elementary and Intermediate Students Double CD-ROM, with Grace Fielder, Liljana Mitkovska, Phillip Hammonds. University of  Wisconsin Press September 2000

Chapters in Books

Blazhe Koneski's 1945 Lecture "Makedonskata literatura i makedonskiot literaturen jazik" in Deloto na Blazhe Koneski: ostvaruvanja i perspektiva Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Skopje 2002, pp. 435-446

"Macedonian and Bulgarian Language Contact" HSK, Kontaktlinguistik, 2 (65): 1-6. 1996

"Language in Exile: the Macedonians in Toronto", in Language Contact Language Conflict, eds. Eran Fraenkel and Christina Kramer, Peter Lang, 157-183, 1993

Edited Volumes

Guard the Word Well Bound : Proceedings of the Third North American-Macedonian Conference on Macedonian Studies eds. Christina Kramer and Brian Cook Indiana Slavic Papers Volume 10 1999

Language Contact - Language Conflict. eds. Eran Fraenkel and Christina Kramer, Peter Lang.  1993.


"'The Making of a Slavist: Beginnings' Interview with Horace Gray Lunt conducted in Baltimore, November 2008", Papers in Honor of Horace G. Lunt.

Patricia R. Chaput and Christina E. Kramer 2013.

"Vir Balcanicus and Mulier Balcanica: Living Stereotypes in Bai Ganjo." Balkanistica 25:1, pp. 177-187. 2012

"Macedonian Riddles" with Joseph Schallert. Balkanistica 25:2, pp. 75-107. 2012

Translator profile, SlavFile [Slavic Languages Division, American translators Association] Summer 2011, Vol. 20, No. 3, pp 12-13, 16.

"Macedonian Poets and Poetry." Poetry and Poetics. Princeton University Press. 2012.pp. 783-784.

"Writing Standard: Processes of Macedonian Language Standardization" Canadian Slavonic Papers, 2008, 50, 1-2, Mar-June, 37-53

"Makedonistika vo Kanada" (Macedonian Studies in Canada) Seminar za makedonski jazik, literatura, i kultura. Skopje: Macedonia 2007 (forthcoming)

"Grave Accents: Language, Nation, and the Death of Serbo-Croatian", Idea&s, Faculty of Arts and Science, University of Toronto. Fall 2006

"Pronominal Variation in the Macedonian Dialect of Vrbnik, Albania" Balkanistica Vol. 18, pp. 61-70 2005

"Accommodating Dialect Speakers in the Classroom: Sociolinguistic Aspects of Textbook Writing". Canadian Slavonic Papers, Vol. XLVI, Nos. 1-2, March-June 2004. pp. 59-72.

"Between Dialect and Standard: Towards a Morphology of the Verbal System of the Macedonian dialect of Vrbnik, Albania" 209-218 Slavisticki studii, vol. 10. 2002.

"Anton Panov's Play Pecalbari and its Role in the Standardization of Macedonian" Of All the Slavs my Favourites, 2002.

Blazhe Koneski's 1945 Lecture "Makedonskata literatura i makedonskiot literaturen jazik" in Blazhe Koneski: ostvaruvanja i perspektiva Macedonian Academy of Arts and Sciences, Skopje 2002, pp. 435-446

"Two Significant Macedonian Acquisitions", The Halcyon, No. 27. 2001. p. 1-2.

"Official Language, Minority Language, No Language at All: Macedonian in Primary Education in the Balkans" Language Problems and Language Planning vol. 23, Number 3, Fall 1999 pp. 233-250.

"Macedonian and Bulgarian li Questions: Beyond Syntax" Catherine Rudin, Christina Kramer, Loren Billings, and Matthew Baerman Natural Language and Linguistic Theory, vol. 17, no. 3 (1999), pp. 541- 586

"Negation and Grammaticalization of Have and Want Futures in Bulgarian and Macedonian" Canadian Slavonic Papers - International Congress of Slavists. 1998. Vol. XXXIX Nos. 3-4

"Aspect and Iterativity in Macedonian" Balkanistica 10, pp. 282-295 1997.

"Blazhe Koneski" Dictionary of Literary Biography, Vol. 181, 1997, pp.125- 131.

"Syntax and prosody: li questions in Macedonian and Bulgarian.", with Loren Billings and Catherine Rudin. (1996) Papers in phonetics and phonology. Sylvia Lohken, ed. (Zentrum fur Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft papers in linguistics) vol. 7. Berlin.

"Perspectives of the Future Tense in the Macedonian Language: Verbal Tense or Mood" (invited paper) Studii za makedonskiot jazik, literatura i kultura, Skopje 1996, 81-86. (R)

"The Grammaticalization of the Future Auxiliary in the Balkan Languages" Indiana Slavic Studies Vol. 7, pp. 127-136, 1995

"Nacinot, vremeto i vidot vo zavisno slozhenite temporalni rechenici vo makedonskiot jazik, Makedonski jazik XL-XLI 1995, pp. 283-2

"The Role of Macedonian Language in the Preservation of Ethnic Identity in Toronto" Studies in Macedonian Language, Literature, and Culture ed. Benjamin Stolz, Michigan Slavic Publications, pp. 101- 114, 1995

"In Memoriam - Blazhe Koneski" Slavic and East European Journal (SEEJ) 1994 pp. 557-559

"Some Observations on the History and Current Status of Third-Person Clitic Pronouns in Macedonian" with Joseph Schallert Australian Slavonic and East European Studies Vol. 8, Number 2 1994, pp. 19-34.

"Analytic Modality in Macedonian" Indiana Slavic Studies. vol. 6 1993.

"The Use of Turkisms in Balkan Languages as Reflected in Konstantinov's Novel Baj Ganjo" Zeitschrift fur Balkanologie band 28/1-2 1992 pp. 44- 60.

"The Intersection of Mood and Status", Zeitschrift fur Balkanologie, Vol, 25/2 1989, pp. 140-153.

"Towards a Comparison of Conditionals in Albanian, Bulgarian and Macedonian" Makedonski Jazik, Vol. XXXVII, 1988, pp. 263-270.

"DA in Syntactically Dependent Constructions in the Macedonian Literary Language," Folia Slavica. Winter 1985. pp. 412-418.

"Analytic Modality in Literary Macedonian Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Southeast European Studies, Columbus: Slavica 1984, pp. 262-277


Review of The Past in Question: Modern Macedonia and the Uncertainties of Nation, Keith Brown,  in Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 2004

Review of Turkish in Macedonia and Beyond: Studies in Contact, Typology, and other Phenomena in the Balkans and the Caucasus. ,  in SEEJ 2005

Review of The Slavonic Languages, eds. Comrie and Corbett, SEEJ Fall  1995 473-474.

 Review of The Semantics of the Categories of Tense, Aspect and Mood in Bulgarian, Grace Fielder.  SEEJ 1995.

 Review Albanian-English Dictionary, Modern Language Journal (MLJ), 1995

Review of Tchomakov, Ivan Bulgarian-English Dictionary, MLJ, vol. 77, Number  1, spring 1993, pp. 104-105.

Review of "Martin Benson's Serbo-Croatian-English Dictionary", Canadian Slavonic Papers, 1991.

Review of "Martin Huld. Basic Albanian Etymologies" In Canadian Slavonic Papers, Vol. XXIX, Nos. 2&3, 1987, pp. 360-361.

Review of "Blaze Koneski.  A Historical Phonology of the Macedonian Language. translated by Victor Friedman" in SEEJ, Summer 1985, p. 233-234.

Review of Alf Grannes. Loan Compounds in Bulgarian Reflecting the Turkish Indefinite 'Izafet' Construction", in SEEJ, spring 1982, pp. 127-138.

 Review of "Ohio State University Individualized Study - Bulgarian,"in MLJ, Vol, 74, No. 3, pp. 389-390.