CUMSPublications

Canadian University Music Review

Revue de musique des universités canadiennes

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CONTENTS * No. 16/2 1996 * SOMMAIRE


Title / Author

Page

Perceptual Aspects of Tuning in a Balinese Gamelan Angklung for North American Students
Jay Rahn
1
Observations sur le développement technique et stylistique de György Ligeti au début des années 1950
Friedemann Sallis
44
Sonic and Parametrical Entities in Tetras: An Analytical Approach to the Music of Iannis Xenakis
James Harley
72
Aesthetic Imagination in the Literacy-based Music Classroom: Implications for School Policy and Practice
Carol E. Harris
100

Conference Reports/Comptes rendus de colloques

The Canadian Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies/La société canadienne d'étude du dix-huitième siècle, Ninth International Congress on the Enlightenment (Paul F. Rice) 116

Reviews/Comptes rendus

Introduction to Man and Music/Music and Society Series, Part II (Paul F. Rice) 118
Iain Fenlon, ed., The Renaissance: From the 1470s to the End of the 16th Century (Terry D. Brown) 118
Neal Zaslaw, ed., The Classical Era: From the 1740s to the End of the 18th Century (Patricia Debly) 121
Alexander Ringer, ed., The Early Romantic Era: Between Revolutions, 1789 and 1848
Jim Samson, ed. The Late Romantic Era: From the Mid-19th Century to World War I (James Deaville)
124
Robert P. Morgan, ed., Modern Times: From World War I to the Present (Clark Ross) 128
Élisabeth Gallat-Morin, Jean Girard, musicien en Nouvelle-France, Bourges, 1696—Montréal, 1765 (Lucien Poirier) 131
Allan F. Moore, Rock, the Primary Text: Developing a Musicology of Rock (Serge Lacasse) 134
Beverly Diamond and Robert Witmer, eds. Canadian Music: Issues of Hegemony and Identity (Joan Backus) 139
Joseph Kerman, Write All These Down: Essays on Music (Kjellmn Hestekin) 142
Ezra Schabas, Sir Ernest MacMillan: The Importance of Being Canadian
Elaine Keillor, John Weinzweig and His Music: The Radical Romantic of Canada (Gordana Lazarevich)
145

Record Reviews / Comptes rendus de disques

Thalberg Revisited (Paul F. Rice) 150

Contributors/Collaborateurs 153
Directions to Contributors/Protocole de rédaction 156

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Abstracts/Résumés


Perceptual Aspects of Tuning in a Balinese Gamelan Angklung for North American Students

Jay Rahn

A detailed analysis of the spectra and frequencies of tones produced on metallophones in a Balinese orchestra clarifies a number of issues that arise in studying timbre and tuning. Among these are the relative importance of accuracy and completeness of measurements, the relevance of acoustical description to musical perception and style, the appropriateness of statistical generalizations and numerical formulations to musical practice and theory, and the possibility of bi-musical responses to divergent tuning systems. Byproducts of the investigation include a proposed basis for inter-cultural ear training and a novel formulation of the unison, octave, and other intervals (including wide and narrow variants), as well as traditional scales and interval collections that have existed side-by-side in widely varying forms within individual cultures.

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Observations sur le développement technique et stylistique de György Ligeti au début des années 1950

Friedemann Sallis

L'article présente certains aspects de notre thèse de doctorat intitulée « An Introduction to the Early Works of György Ligeti ». Il propose une critique de deux idées reçues et largement répandues dans la littérature sur le musique de ce compositeur: (1) en arrivant en Europe de l'Ouest en décembre 1956, Ligeti se serait départi de tout le bagage technique et stylistique qu'il avait acquis auparavant en Hongrie; (2) avant de passer à l'Ouest, il n'aurait eu presque aucune connaissancoe de l'avant-garde musicale de l'Europe de l'Ouest.

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Sonic and Parametrical Entities in Tetras: An Analytical Approach to the Music of Iannis Xenakis

James Harley

From his earliest works, Xenakis has conceived his music in terms of textures and sound masses. The analytical approach introduced here for a study of the recent string quartet, Tetras, takes such sonic entities as its point of departure. The inside-time structure is described in terms of the temporal succession of these entities and the outside- timerelationships established between them by means of a whole range of pararnetrical entities. While the sonic and parametrical entities need to be specified for each piece, it is shown that this approach can be profitably applied to the complete Xenakis oeuvre.

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Aesthetic Imagination in the Literacy-based Music Classroom: Implications for School Policy and Practice

Carol E. Harris

Ministry statements regarding music programming tend to be couched either in vague generalities or as confficting directives for implementation. The aesthetic imagination of students suffers the first loss in school boards that elect to place the responsibility for music in the hands of untrained teachers. This paper traces imagination as emanating from an inextricable combination of impression, sensual perception, ideas, and intentional expression. Imagination itself is examined here first, as heightened perception, and second, as phenomena "becoming." As expression must have substantive material for its realization, music education should include the skills both of performance and of literacy. Anything less denies students, especially the disadvantaged, "voice" and exacerbates the present state of cultural inequality.

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