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Study Session 2-67 (AMS-SAM)
Crossing Borders
Spanish and Mexican Theatrical Music in Mexico and the United States

WILLIAM SUMMERS (DARTMOUTH COLLEGE) CHAIR
PAUL LAIRD (UNIVERSITY OF KANSAS)
RICARDO MIRANDA (INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE BELLAS ARTES, MEXICO CITY)
JANET STURMAN (UNIVERSITY OF ARIZONA)
JEFFREY BELNAP (BRIGHAM YOUNG UNIVERSITY, HAWAII)

FOUR SCHOLARS WITH VARYING PERSPECTIVES AND METHODOLOGIES (MUSICOLOGY, ETHNOMUSICOLOGY, CULTURAL STUDIES) WILL DISCUSS THEIR RECENT FINDINGS ABOUT THE CREATION, HISTORY, AND RECEPTION OF SPANISH AND MEXICAN THEATRICAL MUSIC IN MEXICO AND THE UNITED STATES IN SECULAR AND SACRED PERFORMANCE SPACES AND REPERTORIES. LAIRD EXAMINES THE AFRICAN AND IBERIAN ETHNIC IMPULSES REPRESENTED IN BAROQUE SACRED VILLANCICOS WITH A THEATRICAL CONNECTION COMPOSED IN MADRID AND MEXICO CITY BY COMPOSERS SUCH AS MATIAS RUIZ AND ANTONIO DE SALAZAR; HE ALSO SHOWS HOW THE TEXTS OF SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ WERE SET TO MUSIC IN BOTH SPAIN AND MEXICO. MIRANDA PRESENTS HIS NEW FINDINGS ABOUT THE IMPORTANT ZARZUELA TRADITION IN NINETEENTH-CENTURY MEXICO. HE DEMONSTRATES HOW MEXICAN COMPOSERS INSERTED NATIONALISTIC THEMES IN A SPANISH THEATRICAL FORM. BELNAP DISCUSSES THE INTERSECTIONS BETWEEN THEATER, MUSIC, DANCE, THE VISUAL ARTS, AND NATIONALISM IN RIVERA AND CHÁVEZ'S BALLET H.P. (CABALLOS DE VAPOR); HE BELIEVES THAT THIS BALLET CAN BE SEEN AS AN ALLEGORY FOR THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE INDUSTRIALIZED NORTH (THE USA) AND THE TROPICAL SOUTH (THE ISTHMUS OF TEHUANTEPEC IN SOUTHERN MEXICO). STURMAN PRESENTS HER FINDINGS ABOUT THE PERFORMANCE OF SPANISH ZARZUELA IN EL PASO, TEXAS, AND DEMONSTRATES THAT THE EL PASO INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL OF ZARZUELA HAS PROVIDED FORMAL RECOGNITION OF THE CROSS-CULTURAL VALUE OF MUSICAL THEATER WITH SPANISH TEXT AND DIALOGUE, AND HAS REINFORCED THE CITY'S CONTINUING ROLE AS A CONDUIT FOR CULTURAL EXCHANGE BETWEEN LATIN AMERICA, SPAIN, AND THE UNITED STATES. THE SPEAKERS WILL ALSO DISCUSS AS A GROUP THEMES COMMON TO THEIR PRESENTATIONS.

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