Contains the multidisciplinary papers presented at a workshop organized by the Harvard Center for Population and Development Studies in 1989. Workshop participants attempted to address how social research on "health transitions" may help to guide health interventions, policy and action. There are five case studies which illustrate the link between social research and action in addressing global health problems like AIDS, smoking and malaria.
This book examines the impact of social and environmental conditions on health and measures the spending effects on the British N.H.S. It presents the illnesses and the bills as well as proposed solutions, to show the cost-effectiveness of policies aimed at improving health.
This highly recommended book contains a wealth of practical information and guidelines for health education. Contents include subjects such as understanding behaviour, the communication process, working with communities and children, how to teach effectively using media, and programme planning. Examples and case studies illustrate topics such as primary health care, environmental health, AIDS, school health education. This book would be useful to those working in developing countries.
This book describes behavioural analysis and its application to health communication methods for child survival in developing countries. It shows how this approach can change behaviour and can be applied to health communication itself, by teaching and supporting effective interpersonal communication skills in health workers. It demonstrates that the same principles used to train and support mothers' skills have broad application to behavioural issues throughout the health system.
This book guides the health educator through the planning, implementation and evaluation of programmes and is especially aware of populations sharing risks and behaviours. Topics include resource development, community assessment and mobilisation, culturally competent health promotion and adapting to diverse audiences.
In its third edition, this book incorporates the Healthy People 2000 project while emphasising the underlying theory to health education and describing the new settings, demands, restraints, opportunities and proactive strategies of practice. It includes 28 chapters in four parts that review the history and current issues and organisations; roles in common settings; professional skills and practice; and predictions for the future. An appendix includes competencies and code of ethics for health educators, available databases and health risk appraisal questionnaires.
With an emphasis on primary health care and health promotion as recommended by WHO and the Ottawa Charter, this book records the contributions, challenges and strategies of community health nurses in Canada. It has eight parts that consider community nursing evolution, theory and principles, health reform and public policy, practice trends and accomplishments, research, education preparation, administration, and future directions.
Based on a study whose approach, method, data and results are fully analysed, this book examines the external costs of several unhealthy habits including smoking, heavy drinking and not exercising. A non-technical summary of the issues is provided in the first chapter. A diverse readership may be interested in this book, including policy makers, health sciences and policy researchers and academics, insurance companies, corporate benefits managers, alcohol and tobacco producers, and taxpayers.
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Presents a comparative synthesis of what works and what does not in mass media health campaigns. Substance abuse, AIDS, smoking, teenage pregnancy, heart disease and Alzheimer's disease prevention campaigns are discussed. A practical guide on how to design, implement and evaluate mass media campaigns.
From the premise that there is an "overabundance of ineffectual information" this book guides effective health communication through approaches that are grounded in behaviour theory and are audience-centred. The intended readers include students, academics and professionals in public health and communication. The use of linguistics, fear appeal, positive affect, behavioural inoculation, and database marketing are considered. Application to AIDS and smoking campaigns are included.
This dictionary presents a selection of widely used terms that reflect the process of health promotion and education rather than disease specific terminology, while emphasising the four settings of the community, workplace, primary care and schools. Related terms are cross-referenced and key sources are mentioned; the second section lists 32 health and professional organisations, mostly American.
This book addresses a range of social, behavioural and economic issues associated with oral health promotion, while illustrating how an exchange among theory, research and practice can improve outcomes. There are 13 chapters in four sections: underlying principles of health promotion that consider bio-behavioural aspects of disease, prevention and treatment; targeting the disadvantaged, the elderly and the family; health promotion within care and education systems; and technologies and methodologies to advance and assess health promotion.
This textbook offers an introduction to the interdisciplinary study of health as a "dynamic condition under personal control". It includes research, clinical applications and a strong self-help theme throughout its seven divisions of health and wellness, stress, stress resistance, health behaviour, health and treatment, personality, and society.
This is an edited volume of international submissions depicting different aspects of healthy cities. Issues such as transportation, health promotion, community economic development and environment are covered, with the emphasis on positive actions being taken to create healthy communities.
This publication of the Association for Worksite Health Promotion reviews the theory and empirical studies of worksite health promotion, to illuminate interventions that improve productivity and reduce benefit expenses. Its three parts address: worksite health promotion history; the process of creating programmes, and measuring the costs and benefits; evaluation considerations and methods; and profiles of specific programmes in industry and the public sector.
The philosophy of Ayurveda, or life science, is discussed, specifically its relevance to modern health education philosophy and practice.
Commissioned by the Dutch Health Education Centre in Utrecht, this book was originally prepared for the WHO supported First European Conference on Effectiveness of Health Education in 1989. The first two sections aim to clarify the concepts and methods of effectiveness determination while reviewing research on 19 subsections of health education (including workplace, school, smoking, elderly). The final section makes recommendations for practice, research and policy.
This book uses detailed case studies to demonstrate how information technology can help economically disadvantaged people to renew their communities. The case studies also reveal the problems these communities face in developing information technology. Policy implications and feasibility of policy support for community-based information technology in the current political environment are discussed.
Health education is discussed from different points of view and ethical problems raised by health education are examined in various settings. Also examines relationships between health education and medical practice and between health education and health promotion.
This book is intended for public health practitioners and trainees to develop their skills at planning, implementing and evaluating programmes in different health promoting settings. Topics include promoting organisational change, qualitative process evaluation, evaluating effectiveness, data collection methods, and cost analysis.
Stressing the need to identify the family rather than the individual as the focus for health promotion, this book explores the importance and implementation of family oriented interventions based on the Resiliency Model of Family Stress, Adjustment and Adaptation. The last part of the book applies the theory to actual illness situations.
This comparative study of British and American health promotion policies addresses the current debate over the role of government and two post-industrial democratic societies in helping people secure both good health and personal freedom. It suggests that despite common public health challenges, variations in cultural values and political structures have produced differences in the timing and nature of the health policy response in each country.
This handbook examines the interpersonal, intrapersonal and sociocultural factors that affect behaviour change. Sections deal with models of change; lifestyle interventions; obstacles to change; maintaining change among minorities, youth and the elderly; compliance in clinical research; and change in the larger context of responsibilities and ethics. There are parts particularly relevant to HIV and tobacco.
From the premise that health promotion is inadequately grounded in philosophy, history and cultural studies, this book challenges the traditional Western paradigms of health, education and development when transferred to other cultures. A cultural health promotion model (PEN-3) is presented before discussing traditional African healing, the health of African women, children, youth and African Americans.
This book contributes important evidence to the debate about the health of the British population. Based on a national survey of 9000 individuals done by an interdisciplinary team at the University of Cambridge Clinical School, it investigates issues such as measured fitness, declared health, psychological status, life circumstances, health-related behaviour, attitudes and beliefs. With its unique evidence of the relative importance of social circumstances and patterns of health-related behaviour, it is essential reading for researchers and practitioners in community medicine, medical sociology, health education, social policy and sociology.
This book focuses on the role of the mass media in health promotion. It discusses the principles of media use and their application via the "5Ms": Medium, Market, Message, Method and Measures. The skills required for developing and evaluating materials are described, and there is a summary of guidelines for implementing successful mass media projects. A number of campaigns that the authors have been involved with are frequently cited as examples.
Discusses possibilities of how new electronic media might facilitate improvement in American health care. Also has a web site http://griffith.dartmouth.edu/Newmedia which hosts a discussion forum, excerpts from the book and links to other Web sites where related information can be found.
This reader was developed for an Open University course and sets out to prompt debate by presenting articles that examine health within a popular, literary, academic and political context. "Care has been taken to include the voices of those not often heard -poor people, those whose roots are in other cultures, and those approaching the third age".
This book surveys and analyses the most widely used theories of health behaviour, evaluates their application and discusses future directions for both research and practice. It is organised into six parts that define terms and concepts; review theories of behaviour in three units - within individuals, the interpersonal environment, and the community; the use of theory in research and practice; and the future. It is intended as a definitive text for students, scientists and practitioners.
Reviewing the determinants of health and illness, this book considers the role physicians play in reducing disease, especially in the context of British N.H.S. reforms. Changes in British demographics, disease patterns and care needs are examined along with health inequalities, health promotion strategies and key issues in primary care now and in the future, to support a successful new N.H.S. market.
This book is concerned with the meaning of health education success as measured by effectiveness and efficiency. Research design and evaluation are considered along with the role of theory in choosing indicators of success. Evaluation issues are examined in the delivery contexts of schools, health services, mass media, workplace and community in Britain and the USA.
An introductory text aimed at the front-line practitioner. Has chapters on politics and ethics, measurement, reliability and validity, types of measurement, quantitative and qualitative design, pilot-tests, needs assessment, cost-analysis, sampling methods, data analysis and preparing the evaluation report. Lots of real-world examples, definitions, study questions and references for further reading.
This book pools current knowledge and experiences in health education for use by those involved in programme planning, teaching and research. It covers diverse aspects of health education, including general information on human resource development, communication and management. This publication looks at the health promotion role of Ayurveda and Yoga, two of India's traditional practices, and relates case studies of tribal methods of coping with health problems. The need to tackle communicable and noncommunicable diseases is highlighted.
The relevance of socio-cultural factors to the achievement of health is highlighted in this book that reviews health behaviour and education in India. STD's, AIDS, water supply and sanitation behaviours and programmes are examined alongside health communication strategies and social science research in malaria and leprosy.
This book identifies important elements to be included in the preparation and training of effective health educators able to produce organised and meaningful health programmes. Topics include the role of health education and its place in the American health care system, as well as education foundations, evaluation, programmes, field placements and opportunities.
Based on the 18th Banff International Conference on Behavioural Sciences held in 1986, this book documents biobehavioural research and practice important in understanding and preventing health risk factors. Three sections discuss biobehavioural perspectives on prevention and early intervention; specific strategies to reduce smoking, blood pressure and disease associated with habit and stress disorders; and strategies for specific disorders like CHD, cancer and headache.
Discusses the importance of early detection and surveillance, concentrating on pre-school surveillance, in community-based child health promotion programs. Makes recommendations for the provision and monitoring of screening and the role of health professionals.
With a multidisciplinary approach, this book addresses the health problems confronting Afro-Americans and discusses culturally relevant strategies and policy implications for disease prevention. The disciplines of health education, public health, allied health, community health, nursing, psychology, medical sociology, medical anthropology, human services, social policy and social welfare are all represented in this book.
This book offers a new approach to clinical medicine by presenting step-by-step instructions to manage risk factors through evidence-based preventive medicine. It is organised in the same sequence as a clinical encounter: information gathering during history and examination; what to do with this information; and how to implement recommendations.
This supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (volume 10(5), 1994) provides recommendations approved by the Prevention in Health Care Reform Advisory Group created by The California Wellness Foundation. Recommendations are made in three areas -in public policy, influenced by the 1988 Report on the Adelaide Conference; in community-based health promotion and disease prevention, reflecting the vision of the WHO and Ottawa Charter; and in clinical preventive services, as suggested by Healthy People 2000.
This book consists of three modules for a health promotion and health education course. Part 1 describes developments in health promotion and health education in the world and especially in the United Kingdom. It defines the Alma Ata conference as a turning point and describes health education before and after it. Part 2 describes the change of emphasis from problems to settings and introduces an organisational model and assessment methods. Part 3 illustrates the integration of health promotion into different settings.
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This book presents papers from a 1993 international conference on the theoretical and ethical issues in health promotion and prevention. Scholars from medicine, philosophy and social science in the UK, Canada and Scandinavia are represented. Various topics include concepts of autonomy, quality of life, well being, lay beliefs, doctor-patient relationships, screening and morality and culture.
This book guides professionals and citizens to mobilise communities to improve their health. It brings together principles and practice of community organisation and change. Topics include community change theory and practice; community analysis and activation; intervention strategies; programme evaluation, maintenance and diffusion; specific applications to a minority community, smoking and the elderly.
This study provides an overview of the fitness, sport and recreation, and health education programs of companies with 100 or more employees. Over 1,000 businesses participated in the survey, creating a reference set against which progress in implementing programs in these areas may be measured. In addition, Ontario, Alberta, and British Columbia have conducted provincial surveys of their own for monitoring trends. Also has a Web site: http://www.activeliving.ca/activeliving/cflri/english/92survey.html
In presenting the theory and practice of health promotion, this book is arranged in two parts. Part 1 reveals the concepts of health and health promotion and the social, political and ethical issues. Part 2 looks at the challenges facing nurses in practice, specifically with smoking, cancer, schools, mental health, disabilities, and with the elderly and the homeless.
This book traces the disciplinary roots of health promotion. It relates the theoretical and the practical to form an essential reference for academics and practitioners. It debates whether health promotion has reached a stage of independence from its disciplinary roots, or if it is still a product of a multi-disciplinary base. Contributions from the primary feeder disciplines of psychology, sociology, education, and epidemiology explain how concepts from these fields have shaped health promotion theory. Contributors from the secondary feeder disciplines of economics, philosophy, social policy, communications and social marketing argue that their disciplines offer further conceptual bases for the academic development of health promotion.
This UK textbook provides a theoretical and critical framework to identify and evaluate the vital role of health promoters. Section 1 examines the concepts of health, health education and health promotion and how these influence methods and approaches. Section 2 addresses the ethical and political issues that influence health promotion and evaluates strategies of community development and behaviour change. Section 3 looks at implementation through needs assessment, planning and media use, and emphasizes the crucial importance of evaluation. This book describes the opportunities for health promotion in a variety of settings and is a valuable resource for health promoters in all areas of practice.
A comprehensive profile of health promotion in Canada is presented in this book, including an historical overview, trends and developments and a look at the future. A section on international perspectives is included.
Providing a philosophical and practical approach, this book reveals ways to improve public health by defining and examining issues and models of health promotion and their underlying values. It aims to provide a review of the nature of health promotion and its links to related health care activities while clarifying and justifying its roles and value base. In its two parts, such topics as well being, programme planning, evaluation, attitudes, beliefs, objections, autonomy, and social justice are considered.
This book analyses the prejudices and misconceptions of health promotion as outlined by the Ottawa Charter, and outlines ways and means to overcome the "newspeak" of "new public health" and gain control of the promotion of living conditions and lifestyles conducive to health.
This book provides the foundations of health education and promotion, as well as developments in policy, research and practice. It emphasizes an initial educational approach but expands to include the political, managerial and economic actions needed in health promotion using its PRECEDE-PROCEED model. Topics include quality of life; epidemiological, behavioural and environmental assessments; educational, organizational and policy diagnosis; and applications in community, occupational, school and health care settings.
In order to facilitate collaborative efforts, this book provides insight into the theory, opportunities and constraints of health promotion as experienced by a range of professionals. The examples are primarily British; there are sections devoted to health promoting schools and workplaces.
This book intended for students, presents a clear overview of health promotion history, principles and methods from a British perspective. Chapters on health promoting schools, workplaces and healthy cities are included.
Based on the goals set out in the US report Healthy People 2000, this textbook focuses on the primary prevention interventions of health promotion, health protection and disease prevention. It presents theory and skills appropriate for the nursing profession.
Based on the WHO Health for All principles, this book outlines the origins of the Healthy Cities Project and its development into a world-wide initiative that is collaborative, intersectorial and community based. In its five parts, this book reviews the Healthy Cities goals, strategies and ways to measure city health; provides an overview of projects in Canada, the U.S., Australia and developing countries; and then an examination of case studies of specific cities in Europe, North America and Australia/New Zealand.
The main theme of this book is that "there is an inherent tension between research and practice in Healthy Cities". This theme is explored and research projects in a range of settings are reviewed. There are 12 chapters that define Healthy Cities and look at such topics as research needs, strategies and values, community participation and evaluation, and the relationship between research policy and ownership of research. Specific projects in Europe, North America and Australia are addressed.
The papers in this book were presented in Adelaide, Australia at the Second International WHO Conference on Health Promotion in 1988, and illustrate the process of policy making at the local level to illuminate barriers and strategies. The book has five sections: introduction to healthy public policy; development of new political strategies, organisational structures and management styles; creating health promoting environments; strengthening community action; and common ideas within a broader policy analysis. An appendix provides the Ottawa Charter, Adelaide Recommendations and Vienna Recommendations on Health in Towns.
This book addresses the need to improve the leadership and management of health promotion and is directed at those within organizations who manage these activities. It offers clear guidance on designing, auditing and improving strategies to create health promoting organizations and communities. There is a chapter based on the WHO Health for All philosophy that includes information on health promoting schools and hospitals.
This publication defines lifestyle and other non-occupational risk factors including tobacco, alcohol, drug abuse, diet, unemployment and stress which influence the health of workers. It assesses the information available on the impact of these factors and indicates health promotion directions by defining gaps in current knowledge and areas for future research. It is a good survey of factors affecting workers' health with a particular focus on psychosocial and cultural influences.
This text is divided into two sections. The first section focuses on measurement and includes theory, accuracy and applications to measuring knowledge, attitudes and behaviours. The second section considers evaluation principles, design, data analysis and results presentation. There is an emphasis on community health programmes while providing both quantitative and qualitative approaches.
This book considers media advocacy a blend of science, politics and activism that produces responsible media coverage and social revolution. It presents skills and strategies that serve community interests, especially in community health.
This supplement to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine (volume 10(3), 1994) presents a selection of papers from U.S., U.K. and Canadian participants at a conference held in 1992. There are three sections that describe the use and abuse of the media in health promotion; community-based and primary care approaches; and future trends based on past experiences and changing demographics. Ethical guidelines and the Ottawa Charter are appended.
From a behaviourism approach, this guide to behaviour change is organized around the authors' seven-step model (ONPRIME) for health promotion planning, intervention and evaluation. It is a book intended for present and future health promotion professionals. Its final section includes specific intervention topics such as tobacco, nutrition, AIDS, and children's health in developing countries.
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This holistic based text was written to help nursing students and clinicians identify and prevent family health problems. It provides concepts and tools to understand family dynamics while assessing and promoting health. The book's three units cover the emergence of family nursing, understanding family processes and specific family health promotion issues.
This nursing textbook takes an approach to understanding and promoting the health of individuals and families during the entire life span that includes cultural, environmental, religious, social and family dimensions. Its five parts review patients' sociocultural, environmental and spiritual influences; concepts of family and human growth and development; assessment and health promotion through the stages of development from infancy to death; and health promotion principles and strategies.
Recognising that the assessment of health outcomes must consider the patient's perspective, this book presents a collection of such outcome measures to evaluate health education intervention studies. Most of the measures were developed for use in chronic disease self-management programmes. Most have not been previously published so this book also presents how the scales were developed and their psychometric properties.
The third edition of the Oxford Textbook of Public Health, a major revision of the previous edition, updates the accomplishments of the field of public health, the continuing problems and the constantly changing agenda required to meet current and emerging challenges. As in the previous two editions, the third edition attempts to portray the philosophy and underlying principles of public health, the methods used in the investigation of public health problems and current solutions to these problems. In addition the textbook presents the moral basis for striving for "health for all" in the face of increasing fiscal and political pressures to reduce governmental support for the right of all to health. The textbook is intended to be a comprehensive reference source for postgraduate students in the field, but it is also written to provide insights for those not primarily in public health.
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This book, scheduled to be published in the fall of 1997, presents an approach to health promotion which is first and foremost people-oriented. It discusses the basic elements of a people-centred approach which includes empowerment, organizational and community development, participation, life quality and evaluation, and presents the application of such an approach in practice as illustrated by a series of real-life projects. It concludes with a vision of a society based on people-centred health promotion principles.
This textbook uses a step-by-step approach to help students understand the theoretical and practical information needed to develop skills for programme development. Each of the 15 chapters includes objectives, key terms, concepts, and summary and review questions/activities. The textbook is divided into three parts: planning a programme using common models, assessing needs, collecting data and interventions; implementing a programme with community organisation, resources, and marketing; and evaluating a programme using specific models, designs and analysis.
This book describes the most common social cognition models to explain health behaviour: health belief model, health locus of control, protection motivation theory, planned behaviour, and self-efficacy. Model specific chapters are organized so that models can be easily reviewed and evaluated by background, description, research, developments, operationalization, future directions, and applications to specific health behaviours including HIV, diet, breast screening, and smoking.
This useful book for researchers in education and health promotion provides a straightforward model for planning, developing, implementing and evaluating programmes. Topics include community analysis and definition of target group.
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Intended for health promoters, this book is a self-teaching guide and a source of ideas for group teaching. It has been updated to reflect recent changes in health care research and policies, and has sections that cover basic ideas and issues of health promotion; moving from theory to practice; and developing competence in health promotion.
This book presents a summary of research and practical approaches to health and mental health promotion from a behavioural perspective. It examines the specific health issues of AIDS, substance abuse, physical and sexual abuse, school social competence, teenage pregnancies, and childhood and vehicular accidents. It reviews strategies for health promotion through media, social support and community development by identifying the issue, reviewing the literature, applying interventions and suggesting future directions.
This is a compilation of journal abstracts relevant to public policy formation and implementation. Commentaries by executives of Canadian and American academic health centres are included. Later chapters address specific diseases and populations including the workplace, elderly, AIDS, tobacco and substance abuse.
This book demonstrates how the principles and practices of adult education can improve workplace health promotion programmes by enhancing the quality of participation, learning and retention. Case studies of five companies with physical fitness programmes, and of two small businesses are presented and analysed. Workplace policies on smoking, AIDS, substance abuse, drug testing and stress management are reviewed.
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Initially presented at a Swiss Psychological Society conference, the papers in this volume reflect the state of art in health psychology and identify social and environmental elements that contribute to health and illness. In four parts, this book examines the research into lifestyle and quality of life; intervention strategies; environmental influences; and health assessment and promotion. Diverse populations are represented such as European adolescents, the chronically ill, surgical patients, drug subcultures, and religious cultures.
This book, written by a psychoanalytically oriented psychiatrist, looks at the chronically ill and examines what it means to be ill, the burden of hypochondriasis, pathological denial and flexible holistic treatment approaches. The second section addresses methods of creating health through denial, courage and quality of life methods.
Important ideas are presented in this book about quality of life as a link between health promotion and rehabilitation. It considers issues such as HIV, homelessness, adolescents, the elderly, disabilities and activities like employment and leisure. This book will be of interest to researchers concerned with quality of life models and measurement, and to practitioners involved in devising strategies for healthy public policy.
The eleven chapters in this annual publication present analyses of various aspects of health behaviour change. Topics include preventive health behaviour models, lifestyle, rationality, symptom experiences in the elderly, and organisational and community change. There is also a chapter on a theory of triadic influence and its implications for preventive interventions.
To encourage an understanding of health reform, this book presents the theoretical fundamentals and looks at reform in the United States, Britain, Canada, Holland, South Africa, New Zealand, and Lithuania. Most of the chapters are modified articles from Health Care Analysis: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy.
This book emerged from a March 1994 conference in Cardiff, Wales and focuses on how to shift resources from other activities to support health. It has three parts: focusing on clinical outcomes for specific diseases and methods, preventive approaches, and future directions in particular situations and populations such as women and the elderly.
Based on a 1994 Health in Cities conference in Liverpool, this book attempts to break down the barriers between research and public health policy by examining the type of research appropriate to health promotion, how research can inform collaborative and participative policy development and the strategies for implementing policies. There are 35 chapters in six sections that cover research and change; philosophy and methods of health promotion research; community needs assessment; participative evaluation; strategies for change; and the arts in health promotion. Papers written by those in community development are interspersed with those written by academics.
Most of the chapters in this book were presented at an international conference and include research-based information about health promotion as it relates to nursing, midwifery, health visiting, and health education. This collection focuses on the theoretical and ethical issues of health promotion as well as its developing role, practice, impact and future. There are chapters specific to smoking, HIV, the elderly, women and families.
Provides a framework for protecting the quality of life for people over 50 and presents practical recommendations for health care professionals and policy makers. The bulk of the volume discusses 13 major health concerns of the elderly such as high blood pressure, oral health, cancer screening and depression. Of particular interest is a discussion of why the elderly often do not receive the benefit of prevention programs.
This anthology represents submissions for a health promotion literary excellence award offered by CCHSE. The articles offer insight into the challenges, tools and strategies needed to create health, and examine such things as personal responsibility, hospitals, children, medical education, economics and social marketing.
From the premise that self-care offers biological, philosophical and psychological power, this book provides nurses the tools to teach clients how to care for themselves and when to seek professional care. Cultural influences on health beliefs, behaviour and care are stressed throughout the many topics like self-care history, theories, practices and future.
This book, scheduled for publication in the fall of 1997, considers theory and practice in relation to settings for health promotion. The particular settings addressed are the home, the school, the workplace, health care institutions, clinical general practice, the community and the state. Written for professionals, graduate students and academic scholars in health promotion and health sciences, each chapter addresses a number of issues related to settings including: what is the current state of the art and evidence supporting this claim?; in this setting what works and why?; what are assumptions usually made about this setting?; what are key knowledge gaps?; what features in the setting "make a difference"?; and what are cross-cultural and national differences between similar settings? Each chapter is followed by commentary by discussants.
In the context of developing countries, this book investigates the meaning, application and language of social communication: social marketing, social mobilization and community participation. It offers a model for development communication which has been applied to programmes in environmental sanitation and basic education. It provides a synthesis of the role of communication in social programmes.
This book offers a critical sociological examination of health promotion policy and practice. Its key theme is that "health promotion is emblematic of wider socio-cultural changes." Specific chapters deal with aspects of tobacco, the elderly, and HIV.
One philosopher's analysis of attempts to develop a theory of health promotion is presented in this issue. It discusses the philosophical base for health promotion, addresses the diversity of its technical and operative content and analyses its potential for political polarity and conflict.
This book demonstrates that the social cohesion of egalitarian societies produces better quality of life and health. Examples from Britain, Japan, the United States and Eastern Europe are given throughout the five sections that examine the health of societies, health inequalities, social cohesion and conflict, psychological causes of illness and the relationship between redistribution of economic growth and quality of life.
Addressing values as a focal point for health behaviour, this textbook also functions as a self-help guide. Each chapter includes self-examination statements, definitions, discussion of research, and closes with questions to help choose behaviour consistent with values. Two of the chapters deal with tobacco and human sexuality.
This book provides an overview of the interaction between health and work, useful for health care professionals. It examines the effects that health and work have on each other as well as the sociology, psychology and legal aspects of work.
This book grew out of a New York conference sponsored by the Association for Worksite Health Promotion in 1993. It presents an analysis of the cost-benefits and effectiveness of worksite health promotion programmes by examining the following topics: non-economic benefits; impact on health care use and costs; health behaviour effects; injury, absenteeism and productivity; health benefits design; and computer simulation for evaluation.
A collection of essays on the determinants of health and population health. Topics include heterogeneities in health status and the determinants of population health, coronary heart disease from a population perspective, and how to improve a democratic nation's health status?