The following resources can assist in helping to deter plagiarism:
- Part 1: Academic Integrity Handbook
- Part 2: Preventing and Resolving Allegations of Academic Misconduct
- Ten (Updated) Principles of Academic Integrity
- Plagiarism and Academic Integrity at Rutgers University
- University of Toronto Student Rights & Responsibilities Series: Academic Integrity
- Writing at the University of Toronto
The University of Toronto has purchased a licence, through a consortium negotiated by the Council of Ontario Universities with iParadigms, for the unlimited use of Turnitin.com by our instructors. Turnitin.com is an electronic resource that assists in the detection and deterrence of plagiarism. It is widely used by universities in the United States and by a growing number of universities in Canada, and has over 2,000 registered institutions and over 200,000 registered users from 50 countries. The Turnitin.com database searches 4.5 billion pages on the Internet, and currently holds over a million previously submitted papers (including paper mill essays). iParadigms is also negotiating with large academic publishers and digital database vendors for access to their digital resources.
Turnitin.com is easy to use and help is readily available through online user manuals and 24 hour email assistance. To use this service, instructors must first establish a user profile with Turnitin.com and link his/her profile to the University's account.
Additional information regarding Turnitin.com is available on the Centre for Teaching Support & Innovation website. If you are interested in using this program, please contact Cathy Baillie (Programs Coordinator, CTSI).
- ‘Plagiarism Tests’
In order to familiarize students with the various forms of plagiarism, some instructors have developed and implemented plagiarism tests in their courses. Professor Malcolm Woodland (Department of English) has been administering such an assignment in his courses for several years.
- Academic Integrity Policies
Some instructors have developed academic integrity policies for use within their individual courses. Professor John Marshall (Department of Religion) is currently employing this technique in his third year course (http://www.utoronto.ca/religion/324/rlg324_syllabus.htm).
Articles and Resources on Academic Integrity
- Center for Academic Integrity,
- Ontario Council of Academic Vice-Presidents
- University of British Columbia
-why students cheat, examples, understanding AI, how to discuss AI
- A Faculty Guide to Cyber-Plagiarism, University of
- lists sources; sections on why, preventing, detecting; lists of paper mills, guidelines for procedures; student handouts (including evaluating web resources)
- Plagiarism: What It is and How to Recognize and Avoid It, Indiana University
- includes samples of unacceptable and acceptable use of sources
- How to Recognize Plagiarism,
University School of Education, Indiana
- examples of direct plagiarism and paraphrasing
- Turnitin.com Research Resources
- links to files for students and educators, including sensible advice on designing assignments
- "Thinking and Talking About Plagiarism," by Nick Carbone, Bedford/St. Martin's Technology and Teaching, TechNote (October 2001)
- excellent discussion of teaching issues, including list of links to other advice, also list of DOs and DON'Ts
- "Preventing Academic Dishonesty," by Barbara Gross Davis, chapter in Tools for Teaching
- good range of sensible advice (pre-Internet?), includes tips on exams
- "Plagiarisms, Authorships, and the Academic Death Penalty." by Rebecca Moore Howard, College English 57.7 (November 1995): 788-806
- "Reintroducing Students to Good Research," lecture and handout by Barbara Fister, November 2001
- acute advice by librarian on ways to frame student research as the creation of knowledge
- "e-cheating: Combating a 21st Century Challenge," by Kim McMurtry: T.H.E. Journal, November 2001
- well-written article about ways students can use Internet, own strategies (e.g., check on Internet first before assigning topic)
- "Plagiarism in Colleges in
," by Ronald B. Sandler USA
- excellent summary of US legal cases and issues
- "Online Plagiarism: How to Prevent It, How to Detect It," Daniel Library, The Citadel
- includes information on internet paper sites, suggested methods for deterring plagiarism, and links to further resources
Books and Articles
. Learning Through Writing: A Compendium of Assignments and Techniques (Call Number: PE 1404 T65 1992) Contains excellent examples of assignments and class activities for all disciplines. A new version has just been published. Dalhousie University
- Bean, John. Engaging Ideas.: The Professor's Guide to Integrating Writing, Critical Thinking, and Active Learning in the Classroom. Jossey-Bass 1996 (Call Number: OISE 808.042 B367E, PE 1404 .B35 1996 VUEM 1) More good ideas, excellent exposition of underlying principles.
- Burke, Margaret, “Deterring Plagiarism: A New Role for Librarians”, Library Philosophy and Practice, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Spring 2004)
- Capossela, Toni-Lee, ed. The Critical Writing Workshop: Designing Writing Assignments to Foster Critical Thinking. (Call Number: PE 1404 C75 1993) Faculty from various disciplines relate their experience using writing to teach thinking.
- Davis, Barbara Gross. "Helping Students Write Better in All Courses,"
24 of Tools for Teaching (Call Number: LB 2331 D37 1993 and 378.1250973 D261T). Ch.
- DeVoss, Danielle and Annette Rosati, “It wasn't me, was it?" Plagiarism and the Web." Computers and Composition 19:3 (August 2002), 191-203. Amusing accounts of student problems, sensible teaching strategies for engaging students
, C.W., ed. Teaching Writing in All Disciplines (Call Number: PE 1404 T42) A collection of good ideas from people who have tried them in a range of departments. Especially good on short focussed activities and assignments. Griffin
- Harris, Robert. The Plagiarism Handbook: Strategies for Preventing, Detecting, and Dealing with Plagiarism (Call Number 808 H315P MC (FIS) Thorough and readable. Excerpts available online.
- Harris, Robert. Using Sources Effectively: Strengthening Your Writing and Avoiding Plagiarism
- Prégent, Richard. Charting Your Course: How to Prepare to Teach More Effectively (Call Number: LB 2331 P6813 1994) Emphasizes the need to frame your teaching objectives (including language skill) and think about how to achieve them.
- Walvoord, Barbara E. Fassler. Helping Students Write Well: A Guide for Teachers in All Disciplines, 2nd ed. (Call Number: PE 1404 W35 1986) The best standard advice on setting and grading assignments, counselling students, using peer-editing groups, diagnosing common language problems; studies of various classes. Walvoord has also published books studying faculty participation in writing-intensive courses across the disciplines.